Sound and Complete Sort Encodings for First-Order Logic

Jasmin Christian Blanchette and Andrei Popescu

27 June 2013


This is a formalization of the soundness and completeness properties for various efficient encodings of sorts in unsorted first-order logic used by Isabelle's Sledgehammer tool.

Essentially, the encodings proceed as follows: a many-sorted problem is decorated with (as few as possible) tags or guards that make the problem monotonic; then sorts can be soundly erased.

The development employs a formalization of many-sorted first-order logic in clausal form (clauses, structures and the basic properties of the satisfaction relation), which could be of interest as the starting point for other formalizations of first-order logic metatheory.

BSD License