Factorization of Polynomials With Algebraic Coefficients

Manuel Eberl and René Thiemann

8 November 2021


The AFP already contains a verified implementation of algebraic numbers. However, it is has a severe limitation in its factorization algorithm of real and complex polynomials: the factorization is only guaranteed to succeed if the coefficients of the polynomial are rational numbers. In this work, we verify an algorithm to factor all real and complex polynomials whose coefficients are algebraic. The existence of such an algorithm proves in a constructive way that the set of complex algebraic numbers is algebraically closed. Internally, the algorithm is based on resultants of multivariate polynomials and an approximation algorithm using interval arithmetic.
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