Van Der Waerden's Theorem

Katharina Kreuzer and Manuel Eberl

22 June 2021


This article formalises the proof of Van der Waerden's Theorem from Ramsey theory. Van der Waerden's Theorem states that for integers $k$ and $l$ there exists a number $N$ which guarantees that if an integer interval of length at least $N$ is coloured with $k$ colours, there will always be an arithmetic progression of length $l$ of the same colour in said interval. The proof goes along the lines of \cite{Swan}. The smallest number $N_{k,l}$ fulfilling Van der Waerden's Theorem is then called the Van der Waerden Number. Finding the Van der Waerden Number is still an open problem for most values of $k$ and $l$.
BSD License