Sigma Protocols and Commitment Schemes

David Butler and Andreas Lochbihler

7 October 2019

Abstract

We use CryptHOL to formalise commitment schemes and Sigma-protocols. Both are widely used fundamental two party cryptographic primitives. Security for commitment schemes is considered using game-based definitions whereas the security of Sigma-protocols is considered using both the game-based and simulation-based security paradigms. In this work, we first define security for both primitives and then prove secure multiple case studies: the Schnorr, Chaum-Pedersen and Okamoto Sigma-protocols as well as a construction that allows for compound (AND and OR statements) Sigma-protocols and the Pedersen and Rivest commitment schemes. We also prove that commitment schemes can be constructed from Sigma-protocols. We formalise this proof at an abstract level, only assuming the existence of a Sigma-protocol; consequently, the instantiations of this result for the concrete Sigma-protocols we consider come for free.
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