A Formal Model of the Document Object Model With Shadow Roots

Achim D. Brucker and Michael Herzberg

28 September 2020

Abstract

In this AFP entry, we extend our formalization of the core DOM with Shadow Roots. Shadow roots are a recent proposal of the web community to support a component-based development approach for client-side web applications. Shadow roots are a significant extension to the DOM standard and, as web standards are condemned to be backward compatible, such extensions often result in complex specification that may contain unwanted subtleties that can be detected by a formalization. Our Isabelle/HOL formalization is, in the sense of object-orientation, an extension of our formalization of the core DOM and enjoys the same basic properties, i.e., it is extensible, i.e., can be extended without the need of re-proving already proven properties and executable, i.e., we can generate executable code from our specification. We exploit the executability to show that our formalization complies to the official standard of the W3C, respectively, the WHATWG.
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