Hilbert's Nullstellensatz

Alexander Maletzky

16 June 2019


This entry formalizes Hilbert's Nullstellensatz, an important theorem in algebraic geometry that can be viewed as the generalization of the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra to multivariate polynomials: If a set of (multivariate) polynomials over an algebraically closed field has no common zero, then the ideal it generates is the entire polynomial ring. The formalization proves several equivalent versions of this celebrated theorem: the weak Nullstellensatz, the strong Nullstellensatz (connecting algebraic varieties and radical ideals), and the field-theoretic Nullstellensatz. The formalization follows Chapter 4.1. of Ideals, Varieties, and Algorithms by Cox, Little and O'Shea.
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